Nagasaki prefecture is in the western edge of Kyushu. The capital is Nagasaki city. The prefecture includes the largest number of islands in Japan amounting to 971 in total such as the islands of Tsushima, Iki, and Goto. Therefore, it has the second longest coastal line after Hokkaido. Due to the influence of the Tushima current, the climate is mild with lit
tle temperature difference. During the Heian and Nara periods, missions to the kingdom of Sui and Tang traveled to the Korean Peninsula and China by way of Iki, Tsushima, and Goto. In 1550, Portuguese ship came to Hirado, and before long, Francisco Xavier began to propagate Christianity there. Omura Sumitada became the first feudal lord to convert to Christianity and was called the Christian load. Even now, Nagasaki has a high ratio of Christians to its population. Later, commercial ships from different countries began to come to Nagasaki after the Port of Nagasaki opened its doors at the end of the Edo period, and Nagasaki developed as the gateway for overseas trade. Nagasaki city is also known throughout the world as the second city where an atomic bomb was dropped after Hiroshima. With its long and unique history and old western architecture such as the Glover Garden and churches, Nagasaki city is a popular tourist spot with an exotic atmosphere. In Sasebo city, the sightseeing facility that replicates a European townscape, Huis Ten Bosch is enjoyed by foreign tourists as well. Hirado, which flourished until the center of trading moved to Nagasaki, is a place reminiscent of the old western culture and missionary activities. A gigantic red suspension bridge, Hirado Bridge, is another famous spot. Shimabara Peninsula is known as a hot springs resort. Shimabara, which is known as the city of water, Obama, where visitors can enjoy the magnificent sunset, and Unzen, which is beautifully surrounded by nature, are all popular as summer resorts. Nagsaki’s famous signature dishes are the noodle dish called Nagasaki champon and shippoku ryori that are to be enjoyed course menus arranged on large plates on a round table. As for souvenirs, Nagasaki castella is a popular item.
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